Research Unit by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) represent close teams of researchers working together on a research project which, in terms of thematic focus, duration and finances, extends beyond the funding options available under Individual Grants Programs of the DFG. Research Units provide the staff and material resources required for carrying out intensive, medium-term cooperative projects (generally six years, from October 2018 up to eight years). Research Units often contribute to establishing new research directions.